Study Key Words with Theological Dictionaries

For over 50 years, the most authoritative Greek lexicon on the New Testament has been the Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (TDNT), more commonly known as “Kittel.” A host of biblical scholars consider it to be the best New Testament dictionary ever compiled, not only for theologians, but also for preachers and pastors.

What made TDNT a breakthrough Bible study tool was the careful and exhaustive way it treated each New Testament Greek word. The authors discuss how each word was used in classical Greek literature, its use in the Hebrew Septuagint, and its use throughout the New Testament. It then will also see the word’s uses in other sources such as Philo, Josephus, and the pseudepigraphal and rabbinical literature.

Many important Greek words appear infrequently in the New Testament, so by studying the context found within the Septuagint and classical Greek literature, much light can be shed on the meaning of rare words. This is an excellent way to study New Testament Greek.

TDNT remains the gold standard of Greek lexicons. It’s fully linked to the Strong’s numbering system in Wordsearch, and you’ll love the way it works with other reference tools in your library. See how in the video below:

The Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (TDOT), was published as TDNT‘s companion, and took over 200 Bible scholars a quarter-century to complete. These scholars come from countries all over the world and represent a wide range of Christian scholarship.

Beginning with ‘ābh (‘āb), “father,” and continuing through the alphabet, the TDOT volumes present in-depth discussions of the key Hebrew and Aramaic words in the Old Testament. The TDOT considers for each keyword the larger groups of words that are related linguistically or semantically. Included are detailed surveys of a word’s occurrences, not only in biblical material but also in other ancient Near Eastern writings. You’ll find that attention is paid to: Etymology, Lexical Field, Archaeological Evidence, Secular Usage, Theological Usage, Septuagint Usage, Dead Sea Scroll Usage, and more.

The TDOT’s emphasis is on Hebrew terminology and on biblical usage. The contributors employ philology as well as form-critical and traditio-historical methods, with the aim of understanding the religious statements in the Old Testament. Extensive bibliographical information adds to the value of this reference work.

This lexicon serves the needs of Old Testament students who have no linguistic background and those of more advanced scholars. It does so without sacrificing the needs of the latter. Ancient scripts (Hebrew, Greek, etc.) are regularly transliterated in a readable way, and meanings of foreign words are given in many cases where the meanings might be obvious to advanced scholars.

TDOT and TDNT in Wordsearch

Converting these massive lexicons into a digital format was no easy task.

They remain the gold standard of Greek lexicons and are fully linked to the Strong’s numbering system in Wordsearch, You’ll love the way they work with other reference tools in your library.

Both of these volumes are on sale for a limited time now. TDOT‘s volume 16 has just been released, completing this series. To learn more or download, click here.

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